A landmark is a prominent or conspicuous object or feature on land that serves as a guide. It is often a natural feature such as a hill or cliff, but can also be an artificial structure such as a church spire or a mosque’s minaret.
The Landmark – A Place of Importance
In many communities, a landmark is a building or other physical feature that is significant in history, culture, or architecture. It is usually a prominent location where people and tourists can go to learn about the local culture or to see a specific piece of art.
Landmarks are important for tourism, because they help attract people to a region and create an economic boost to that economy. This is because landmarks are places that people associate with a certain time period, or place in history, and they have the power to evoke a sense of awe and wonder.
This can be achieved by using a combination of subjective and objective measures. Here, we used both expert opinion surveys and bibliometric analysis to identify landmark articles that report on important clinical trials in geriatric medicine with practice-changing implications.
The expert opinion survey found that the majority of landmark articles were published in the journals that are primarily aimed at physicians and medical students. They are widely read, circulated, and cited by other physicians and professionals.
These papers are often a source of geriatrics information, and they can be valuable resources for training, practice, and education in the field. However, this information is sometimes difficult to find because most of the landmark articles are not included in scholarly databases or indexes.
We therefore conducted a pilot study to test the hypothesis that landmark processing is influenced by age and that older adults have allocentric-like navigational strategies. To test this hypothesis, we performed a landmark array task in n = 14 children and n = 17 young adults using a Y-maze.
During learning, all participants showed similar visual exploratory behavior. They viewed the landmark arrays for equal lengths of time. In the landmark condition, we also observed that trial-to-criterion and travelled distance did not differ between children and older adults. This suggests that landmark processing is not a simple matter of focusing on the landmarks, but rather a complex cognitive process in which subjects need to match their spatial locations with landmarks and landmarks with their own goals.
We found that allocentric-like older adults tended to decrease their walking speed and eventually gaze at the landmark, while young adults were more likely to maintain a constant walking speed and not glance at the landmark. These findings suggest that landmark processing is a deficit in older adults and that this problem is more severe than that associated with the geometric arrays.